How to Use Personal Loans Wisely During Financial Emergencies


As millennials, we are all too familiar with the burden of student loan debt. According to the Federal Reserve, Americans owe over $1.5 trillion in student loans, with the average amount owed by individual borrowers being around $32,731. This debt not only causes financial strain, but it also affects our mental health and overall well-being. However, there is hope for those of us struggling to make ends meet due to student loan debt – income-driven repayment plans.

What are Income-Driven Repayment Plans?

Income-Driven Repayment Plans (IDR) are federal student loan repayment options that calculate your monthly payment based on your income and family size. These plans are intended to make loan payments more manageable for borrowers who have a high debt-to-income ratio. IDR plans also offer loan forgiveness after a certain period, typically 20 to 25 years.

There are four types of income-driven repayment plans available for federal student loans:

1. Income-Based Repayment (IBR): Your monthly payment will be 10-15% of your discretionary income, which is the difference between your income and 150% of the poverty guideline for your family size and state.

2. Pay As You Earn (PAYE): This plan also sets your monthly payment at 10% of your discretionary income, but it cannot exceed what you would pay under a standard 10-year repayment plan.

3. Revised Pay As You Earn (REPAYE): Similar to PAYE, your payment will be 10% of your discretionary income, but there is no income eligibility requirement, and your spouse’s income may be taken into account, even if you file taxes separately.

4. Income-Contingent Repayment (ICR): Your monthly payment will be the lesser of 20% of your discretionary income or what you would pay with a fixed payment over 12 years, adjusted for income.

How to Qualify for Income-Driven Repayment Plans?

To qualify for IDR plans, you must have federal student loans, except for Parent PLUS loans. Private loans are not eligible. You must also have a partial financial hardship, which means that your annual student loan payments are higher than what you would pay under an IDR plan. Additionally, you must submit your income information annually to continue using an IDR plan.

If you meet the qualifications, you can apply for an IDR plan through your student loan servicer. They will review your financial information and determine which plan you are eligible for. It is crucial to submit your application on time and provide accurate information to avoid any delays or errors.

Benefits of Income-Driven Repayment Plans

1. Lower Monthly Payments

The primary benefit of IDR plans is that it can help lower your monthly payments, which is helpful for those with a high debt load and limited income. By setting your payment based on your discretionary income, it ensures that you are not overwhelmed by your loan payments and have enough money to cover your essential expenses.

2. Loan Forgiveness

Depending on the IDR plan you choose, you may be eligible for loan forgiveness after 20 to 25 years. This means that any remaining balance on your loans will be forgiven after the designated time. It is essential to note that loan forgiveness is considered taxable income, so prepare for the tax implications when planning for this option.

3. Flexible Repayment Term

IDR plans allow for a flexible repayment term based on your income. As your income increases, your payments will also increase, but it will still be manageable based on your discretionary income. This helps you avoid falling behind on payments and accumulating interest.

4. Opportunity for Career and Financial Growth

Having a lower monthly payment under an IDR plan can give you the freedom to pursue career opportunities that may not offer a high salary initially. With a manageable loan payment, you can take risks such as starting your own business, going back to school for a higher-paying degree, or working for a non-profit organization.

Tips for Tackling Student Loan Debt with IDRs

1. Understand Your Options

Before choosing an IDR plan, make sure you fully understand the terms and conditions of each option. Consider factors like repayment term, monthly payments, and loan forgiveness eligibility.

2. Apply for Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF)

If you work in a public service job, you may qualify for loan forgiveness after ten years of on-time payments through the Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) program. It is essential to make sure you meet the eligibility requirements and submit your annual employment certification form to count towards the ten-year requirement.

3. Make Extra Payments When Possible

While IDR plans are meant to make your monthly payments more manageable, it is still crucial to make extra payments when you can. This will help you save on interest and pay off your loans faster.

4. Stay Ahead of Your Finances

Regularly review your income and family size information and submit any changes to your loan servicer. This will help ensure that your payments remain affordable and accurate.


Income-Driven Repayment Plans are a fantastic option for borrowers struggling with high student loan debt. By setting your monthly repayment amount based on your income, it can make a significant difference in your financial stress levels. However, it is crucial to keep in mind that IDR plans are not a one-size-fits-all solution, and you should consider your individual financial situation before making a decision. With careful planning and discipline, you can tackle your student loan debt and strive for a more financially stable future.

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