The Ninth Step: Three Pillars: Executive, Legislature, Judiciary, Here is a review/Summary of Samvidhaan Episode 9 of Samvidhaan. Read This Full Article which will give you a short understanding about the Samvidhaan Episode 9.
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Summary of Samvidhaan Episode 9
This magnificent building’s central hall, which has a colonnade made up of 144 pillars, was where our constituent assembly gathered.
Professor K. T. Shah, a socialist economist and Gujarati playwright, discussed the trinity of the Executive, Legislature, and Judiciary in his papers from 1942.
According to Prof. K. T. Shah, there were several versions presented before the assembly, including the British model, the Swiss directly elected model, and the American president model. Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the chairman of the constituent assembly, made the decision to speak with adviser Sir Benegal Narsing Rau.
Constitutional advisor Sir B. R. Rau created a questionnaire with 27 questions on March 17, 1947. Along with the query, he provided examples from other countries’ constitutions. This survey was issued to participants in provincial assemblies and the constituent assembly.
The entire country, according to Rau saheb, should elect the president.
Union Constitution Committee
However, this was rejected. A letter produced by Gopalaswami Ayyangar and Alladi Krishanswami Ayyar gave the president several more powers. This plan designated the president as the head of state’s military forces for the first time and granted him the authority to veto legislation passed by parliament and dissolve it at the cabinet’s suggestion.
The union constitution committee created a report based on these suggestions, which pandit Nehru presented to the parliament in July 1947. It would be preferable if the president did not identify with any political party, according to Pandit Nehru. Maybe it’s not practical to do this. However, once chosen, the president should be impartial and uphold the country and the constitution.
Summary of Samvidhaan Episode 9- Up until today, we have operated under that system. The physician, however, had some reservations. In December 1948, a contentious discussion over choosing cabinet ministers from MPs, electing them, or, as in the USA, nominating them at the president’s will began.
Changes To The Prime Minister’s Cabinet
These changes to the prime minister’s cabinet were rejected. However, skepticism over the president’s election continued, and towards the conclusion of 1948, Prof. K. T. Shah brought it up once more. And so, the presidential election issue was resolved. But there were still difficulties with the executive’s other facets.
A non-parliamentary executive government with a proportionately selected cabinet was what a minority representative wanted to see established. Even Dalit members of Congress favored cabinet appointments for minorities. Even a pamphlet on these concerns was published by Dr. Ambedkar. By a vote of 8 to 7, the subcommittee rejected the proposal to grant reservations in the cabinet.
Over time, the majority of people did understand the intent of this paragraph. Dr. Ambedkar himself maintained this proposition on November 4, 1948, when he presented the draught of the constitution. But all of the legislative, judicial, and executive provisions did not sit well with prof. K T Shah and others. Dr. Ambedkar received his education there.
He did, however, identify certain flaws in the American constitution. Prof. K. T. Shah made a number of important modifications. Like when he said that every minister should have a college degree. However, Mahavir Tyagi countered that although Akbar, Ranjit Singh, and Sivaji were not literate, they were all excellent administrators.
Thus, the two houses of the bicameral parliament were given the names RAJYA SABHA AND LOK SABHA. However, there was a difficulty with their terms of office. The duration of the Lok Sabha was set by the Union Constitution Committee at four years.
Summary of Samvidhaan Episode 9- However, the revolutionary Irish president eamon de valera, a hero of Netaji and Pandit Nehru, had warned that four years was too little time for elected officials to learn how the system functions.
The previous year was spent getting ready for the elections. As a result, the Lok Sabha’s term was set at five years, and the Rajya Sabha’s term was set at six years, with one-third of the house retiring every two years. This made for a continuous flow.
World’s Largest Democracy
This point was raised on the 24th may,1949 by B Pocker Sahib. Alladi Krishnaswami Ayyar, an accomplished attorney and wise elderly man of the assembly, rose to address the group after the rule and function of the judiciary were finished.
Dr. Ambedkar had a vision of a supreme court that would hear civil, criminal, and constitutional matters, provide justice in each one, and uphold national unity. Now, that wish has come true.
Summary of Samvidhaan Episode 9- The world’s largest democracy is firmly held together by the EXECUTIVE-LEGISLATURE-JUDICIARY trinity, which we built into a seamless web.
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